Tomato is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. It is a short-lived perennial plant, grown as an annual plant, typically growing to 1–3 m in height, with a weak, woody stem that usually scrambles over other plants
Tomatoes are important source of lycopene and vitamin C & are valued for their colour and flavor. Lycopene has been associated with lowered risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Lycopene has been also reperted to enhance resistance against body x-ray irradiation.
Role of Lycopene is also studied in the prevention of antioxidant damage in the skin and other body tissues.
Tomato extract has been used to treat various diseases in traditional medicines. Hot water extract of dried fruits has been used in the treatment of ulcers, wounds, Hemorrhoids and burns .
Tomato poultice has been used in the treatment of edema during pregnancy. The fresh fruits are reported to be effective as digestive aids and in the treatment of kidney and liver problems. In recent years, several epidemiological studies have shown that tomatoes protect against cancers of the digestive tract and prostate. A recent epidemiological study, reported that the risk of prostrate cancer was reduced nearly 45% among men who ate at least 10 servings a week of tomato-based foods.